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Details investigations male factor infertility.

Identifying causes of male infertility

Investigations in males.

Many people assume that infertility is a "woman's" problem. It may surprise you to know that many cases of infertility is the result of a male factor. Male problems may be a contributing factor in 30 to 50% of couples suffering infertility.

The male partner will undergo a physical examination to determine if he has any underlying physical abnormalities or hormonal disorders such as breast enlargement, and a genital examination to assess the size and texture of the testicles, to locate the opening of the urethra and to detect varicocele. Thereafter, the doctor will order initial investigations to examine the functions of the reproductive system and to determine the presence of any systemic or hormonal or genetic disorders. It is important to note that no semen test can fully predict fertility.

No sperm in the ejaculate

  • , The testicles size and texture are normal and both FSH and testosterone levels are normal this usually indicates that the cause of absent sperm is obstruction,
  • The testicles are small, FSH level is raised and testosterone level is low this usually indicate that the cause of absent sperm is testicular
  • The testicles are small and both FSH and Testerone levels are low this usually indicate that the cause of absent sperm is hypothalamic or pituitary.

  • Go to causes of infertility if you want to know more about the causes of infertility.

    Alternatively, find out about the treatment options for a particular cause of infertility.

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