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Artificial insemination

Outlines the different possible complications of artificial insemination treatment.

What are the complications of artificial insemination treatments?

Though unlikely, several complications may follow artificial insemination treatment.

Failure of treatment, is the most common complication. However, the complication that causes the couple most concern is the possibility of using the wrong semen sample. 

Other possible complications of artificial insemination treatment include: cancellation of treatment cycle either due to poor response to fertility drugs or because of the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation infection, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and multiple pregnancy. Many infertile couples views multiple pregnancy as desirable and are not aware of the risks involved to the mother and her babies.

Ultrasound scan used to monitor the developing follicles produced by ovarian stimulation.

Ultrasound scan showing multiple pregnancy.

The risk factors for high-order multiple pregnancy and multiple birth after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and intrauterine insemination include women aged less than 32 years, development of more than 3 mature follicles and first treatment cycle (Dickey et al, 2005. Fertility and Sterility).

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