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Steps involved in artificial insemination

Details ovarian stimulation as a step of artificial insemination.

Ovarian stimulation

Artificial insemination can be performed either in a natural cycle or a stimulated cycle. The latter, ovarian stimulation involves giving the female partner fertility drugs such as clomiphene tablets, FSH or hMG either separately or in a combination to stimulate the ovaries to produce a few follicles.The committee on the Safety Of Medicine in the UK has advised that no medical products using urine sources in a country which has cases of the variant form of Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease (vCJD) be used for treatment, including Metrodin high purity.

There is evidence that intrauterine insemination (IUI) with ovarian stimulation results in higher success rates than IUI only. The benefits of increased pregnancy rates and live birth rates achieved with ovarian stimulation must be balanced against the increased cost of the fertility drugs, the cost of cycle monitoring and the potential complications such as multiple pregnancy and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).

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