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Risks and complications of IVF treatment

Explains the risks surri=ounding the egg collection procedure by either vaginal ultrasound or laparoscopy.

Risks of egg collection

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks associated with egg collection. Such risks depend on whether the egg collection is performed by vaginal ultrasound or laparoscopy.

Vaginal ultrasound egg collection

  • Mild to moderate discomfort.
  • Bleeding during or after egg collection from the ovary or from the top of the vagina, the bleeding is usually minimal and is very rarely a problem. The need for blood transfusion is rare (about 1 in 500). In some cases laparoscopy or laparotomy is necessary to control the bleeding.
  • Infection is also a rare complication about 1 in 300, and half of them with abscess formation. Special risk of infection is caused by puncture of endometriotic cyst or hydrosalpinx. , If infection is diagnosed, it can be treated with antibiotics.
  • Injuries to internal organs such as bowels, bladder or blood vessels during the procedure. This is an extremely rare complication (about 1 in 1000).

Laparoscopic egg collection

Laparoscopic egg collection has similar complications to those described above, but the risk of injury to internal organs is higher than after ultrasound scan. In addition, there is risk of complications associated with the use of a general anesthetic, although this is rare in healthy women.

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