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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Provides information on In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), and its use in treating infertility.

Standard IVF

The birth of Louise Brown, the first child born from in vitro fertilization (IVF) in 1978, was an important milestone in the management of infertility. Initially, IVF was used to treat couples with damaged or absent Fallopian tubes, but with its improved success rates IVF has been applied to patients with other causes of infertility.

In the early years of IVF, the natural cycle and transfer of one embryo, was the norm. However, natural cycle IVF has largely been abandoned in favor of stimulated cycles (superovulation - use of fertility drugs) as a means of improving success rates by transfer of multiple embryos.

The medical and scientific advances that have evolved out of IVF over the past 22 years are dramatic. In particular, the use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).